He visto que no tenemos ninguna pregunta canónica sobre las reglas de acentuación. Parece un tema suficientemente importante y básico como para merecer una pregunta canónica. ¿Deberíamos tener una, como por ejemplo esta?
The question to which you link has two answers which seem to me to cover the issue from two directions. One of them addresses the learner who knows how to say the word but not write it, the other addresses the learner who sees a new word written and wants to know how to say it. That covers nearly everything.
The only thing lacking, I feel, is detail about the exceptions but they may be too many to summarise succinctly.
For instance we have this Q&A about porque and friends which is marked as canonical.